Journal Club 16 October 2013

Paper

Predictors of normal coronary arteries at coronary angiography

Presenter

AB

Summary

Background

Coronary angiograms are important in the diagnostic workup of patients with suspected coronary artery
disease. However, little is known about the clinical predictors of normal angiograms and whether this rate varies across
different cardiac centers in Ontario.

Methods

We conducted a study using the Cardiac Care Network Variations in Revascularization Practice in Ontario
database of 2,718 patients undergoing an index cardiac catheterization for an indication of stable angina between April
2006 and March 2007 at one of 17 cardiac hospitals in Ontario. We determined predictors of normal coronary angiograms
(0% coronary stenosis) and compared rates of patients with normal catheterizations across centers.

Results

Overall, 41.9% of patients with stable angina had a normal catheterization. A multivariate model demonstrated
female gender to be the strongest predictor of a normal angiogram (odds ratio 3.55, 95% CI 2.93-4.28). In addition, atypical
ischemic symptoms or no symptoms, the absence of diabetes, hyperlipidemia, smoking history, peripheral vascular disease,
and angiography performed at a nonteaching site were associated with higher rates of normal catheterization. The rate of
normal angiograms studied varied from 18.4% to 76.9% across hospitals and was more common in community compared
with academic settings (47.1% vs 35.4%, P b .001).

Conclusions

The absence of traditional cardiac risk factors, female gender, and lack of typical angina symptoms are all
associated with a higher frequency of normal cardiac catheterizations. The wide variation in Ontario in the frequency of
normal angiograms in patients with stable angina suggests that there are opportunities to improve patient case selection.

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