Home > Journal Club > Journal Club 2 December 2015

Journal Club 2 December 2015

Paper

Long-Term Effect of Goal-Directed Weight Management in an Atrial Fibrillation Cohort

Presenter

KC

Summary

BACKGROUND

Obesity and atrial fibrillation (AF) frequently coexist. Weight loss reduces the burden of AF, but whether this is sustained, has a dose effect, or is influenced by weight fluctuation is unknown. 

OBJECTIVES

This study sought to evaluate the long-term impact of weight loss and weight fluctuation on rhythm control in obese individuals with AF.

METHODS

Of 1,415 consecutive patients with AF, 825 had a body mass index $27 kg/m2 and were offered weight management. After screening for exclusion criteria, 355 were included in this analysis. Weight loss was categorized as group 1 ($10%), group 2 (3% to 9%), and group 3 (<3%). Weight trend and/or fluctuation was determined by yearly follow-up. We determined the impact on the AF severity scale and 7-day ambulatory monitoring.

RESULTS

There were no differences in baseline characteristics or follow-up among the groups. AF burden and symptom severity decreased more in group 1 compared with groups 2 and 3 (p < 0.001 for all). Arrhythmia-free survival with and without rhythm control strategies was greatest in group 1 compared with groups 2 and 3 (p < 0.001 for both). In multivariate analyses, weight loss and weight fluctuation were independent predictors of outcomes (p < 0.001 for both). Weight loss $10% resulted in a 6-fold (95% confidence interval: 3.4 to 10.3; p 5% partially offset this benefit, with a 2-fold (95% confidence interval: 1.0 to 4.3; p ¼ 0.02) increased risk of arrhythmia recurrence.

CONCLUSIONS

Long-term sustained weight loss is associated with significant reduction of AF burden and maintenance of sinus rhythm. (Long-Term Effect of Goal directed weight management on Atrial Fibrillation Cohort: A 5 Year follow-up study [LEGACY Study]

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